Avro 683 Lancaster –Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 called for a new tactical medium bomber more powerful than the Vickers Wellington and Armstrong Whitworth Whitley. One of the many designs submitted was the Avro 679 Manchester. Powered by two 1,750-hp (1306 kW) Rolls-Royce Vultures, it was a mid-wing monoplane of stressed skin construction. It first flew from Ringway (now Manchester Airport) on 25th July 1939. It suffered from instability problems so a third ventral fin was added and even though it was quite under powered it had some fine flying qualities. It was improved by increasing the wing span from 80ft 2in (24.43m) to 90ft 1in (27.46m). Unfortunately the aircraft suffered terribly from poor engine performance and reliability. Something had to be done quickly as Manchesters were pouring off the production line at Metropolitan Vickers. Rolls-Royce could not spare the effort to make the Vulture reliable so Avro began studies for the Manchester II with Napier Sabres of Bristol Centaurus radials. However E.H.Hives of Rolls-Royce was having none of this and went straight to the Air Ministry to propose a Manchester III with four Rolls-Royce Merlins. The Merlin X had just been designed for the Beaufighter and there would be very little change required to the airframe to accommodate the new engines. Avro's design team under Roy Chadwick said they could do this and evolved a scheme for a Manchester III powered by four 1,145 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin Xs with a new wider centre section. A Manchester (BT308) was taken off the production line and completed with the longer outer wings and four underslung engines. It was flown by Capt. H.A. ‘Sam’ Brown at Ringway on 9th January 1941. By this time the aircraft had been designated the type 683 and renamed Lancaster. Meanwhile another Manchester (DG595) was completed as the second Lancaster prototype with numerous modifications, including a tail with taller fins and rudders with the central fin removed, an improved upper turret and productionised assemblies. After very successful trials at A&AEE Boscombe Down production of the Lancaster was ordered forthwith.
Avro Lancaster Prototype DT810
Avro Lancaster B Mk I: Production initiated 1941, replacing final 243 Manchester’s on A V Roe contracts and 57 on Metropolitan-Vickers contracts, and then continuing on major new contracts placed with Avro (Chadderton and Yeadon), Vickers-Armstrong (Chester and Castle Bromwich), Armstrong Whitworth (Baginton), Austin (Longbridge) and Metrovick (Manchester). The first production Lancaster was L7527, which first flew on 31st October 1941.Initially with 1,280 hp Merlin XXs; Merlin 22s and Merlin 24s later, with higher boost ratings. Armament comprised two 0.303-in (7.7-mm) Browning guns each in nose and dorsal turrets, four in tail turret and provision for two in remotely-sighted ventral bar-bette, little used, especially after ventral H2S radome fitted; turrets by Frazer Nash or Rose. Some later Mk Is had a single 0.303-in (7.7-mm) or 0.50-in (12.7-mm) ventral gun, manually operated, and a two-gun tail turret. Initial design bomb load, 4,000 Ib (1,816 kg), later increased to 18,000 Ib (8,172 kg) without special mods, including standard 8,000 Ib (3,632 kg) and 12,000 Ib (5,448 kg) bombs. Aircraft of Nos 9 and 617 Sqn modified in 1944 to carry 12,000-lb (5,448-kg) 'Tallboy' bomb and used to attack and sink Tirpitz on November 12, 1944. Avro Lancaster entered service with No 44 (Rhodesia) Sqn, Waddington, and used for first operational sortie on March 3, 1942. Total production was 3,434 (including special Mk I variants noted below).
Max speed, 275 mph (442 km/h) fully loaded at 15,000ft (4,572 m). Service ceiling, 24,500 ft (7,468 m). Range, 1,660 miles (2,670 km) at 210 mph (338 km/h) with 14,000-lb (6,356-kg) bomb load. Gross weight, initially, 60,000 Ib (27,240 kg); later 65,000 Ib (29,510 kg). Span, 102 ft 0 in (31.09m). Length, 68 ft 11 in (21.0m).
Avro Lancaster B Mk I (Special): 33 aircraft with Merlin 24s modified 1945 for 617 Sqn to carry 22,000-lb (9,988-kg) 'Grand Slam' bomb, with no bomb-bay doors, and nose and dorsal turrets and H2S removed. First operation. March 14, 1945, against Bielefeld Viaduct. Gross weight, 72,000 Ib (32,688 kg).
Avro Lancaster B Mk I (FE): Late production aircraft for Tiger Force operation against Japanese targets in the Far East, with modified radio, radar and navaids, and white top/black underside finish. Two Avro Lancaster Is tested (by No 1577 SD Flight) in India and Australia in 1945 with long range saddle tank in upper fuselage aft of cockpit, for possible Tiger Force application. Two other Mk Is used by No 1577 SD Flight to tow Horsa and Hamilcar gliders in trials for India-Burma operations.
Avro Lancaster II: Similar to Mk I but with four 1,725 hp Hercules VI or XVI radial air-cooled engines. Single prototype by Avro, first flown on November 26, 1941, and 300 built by Armstrong Whitworth. Deliveries starting October 1942. Performance, armament and bomb load similar to Mk I.
Aircraft involved in the Dambusters raid No 617 squadron: -
First wave of nine aircraft with squadron identity and pilots name as follows: -
ED932/G AJ-G Wg.Cdr. Guy Penrose Gibson (Accurate attack made then circled to draw fire) – scrapped July 1947
Crew: - PO Torger Harlo Taerum (RCAF)(Navigator), PO Frederick Michael Spafford (RAAF)(Bomb Aimer), Sgt John Pulford (Flight Engineer), Flt Lt Robert Edward George Hutchinson (Wireless Operator), Flt Sgt Andrew Deering (RCAF)(Front Gunner), Flt Lt Richard Algenon Dacre Trevor-Reper (Rear Gunner).
ED925/G AJ-M Flt.Lt. John Vere Hopgood (Hit by cannon fire on run in aircraft climbed away one engine on fire then dived and crashed in flames)
Crew: - FO Ken Earnshaw (RCAF)(Navigator), Flt Sgt James W Fraser (RCAF)(Bomb Aimer), Sgt Charles Brennan (Flight Engineer), Sgt John W Minchin (Wireless Operator), PO George Henry Ford Goodwin Gregory (Front Gunner), PO Anthony Fisher Burcher (RAAF)(Rear Gunner).
ED909/G AJ-P Flt.Lt. Harold Brownlow Morgan Martin (Hit in a fuel tank and aileron but circled around to draw fire) – became 6242M, scrapped July 1947
Crew: - Flt Lt Jack Frederick Leggo (RAAF)(Navigator), Flt Lt Robert Claude Hay (RAAF)(Bomb Aimer), PO Ivan Whittaker (Flight Engineer), FO Leonard Chambers (RNZAF)(Wireless Operator), PO Bertie Towner Foxlee (RAAF)(Front Gunner), Flt Sgt Thomas Drayton Simpson (RAAF)(Rear Gunner).
ED887/G AJ-A Sqn.Ldr. Henry Melvin (Dinghy) Young (Accurate attack made but was shot down by flak crossing the Dutch coast)
Crew: - Flt Sgt Charles Walpole Roberts (Navigator), FO Vincent Sandford MacCausland (RCAF)(Bomb Aimer), Sgt David Tayloy Horsfall (Flight Engineer), Sgt Lawrence William Nichols (Wireless Operator), Sgt Gordon Arthur Yeo (Front Gunner), Sgt Wilfred Ibbotson (Rear Gunner).
ED864/G AJ-B Flt.Lt. William Astell (Aircraft came under fire near Gilze-Rijen airfield in Holland it was shot down and crashed into a barrack block on the outskirts of the airfield)
Crew: - PO Floyd Alkwin Wile (RCAF)(Navigator), FO Donald Hopkinson (Bomb Aimer), Sgt John Kinnear (Flight Engineer), WO Abram Garshowitz (RCAF)(Wireless Operator), Flt Sgt Francis Antony Garbas (RCAF)(Front Gunner), Sgt Richard Bolitho (Rear Gunner).
ED906/G AJ-J Flt.Lt. David John H.Maltby (Accurate attack made and dam breached) – to 61squadron, station flight Scampton then scrapped July 1947
Crew: - Sgt Vivian Nicholson (Navigator), PO John Fort (Bomb Aimer), Sgt William Hatton (Flight Engineer), Sgt Anthony Joseph Stone (Wireless Operator), Sgt Victor Hill (Front Gunner), Sgt Harold Thomas Simmonds (Rear Gunner).
ED937/G AJ-Z Sqn.Ldr. Henry Eric Maudsley (Run in on Eder dam bomb hit the parapet and was destroyed by the explosion)
Crew: - FO Robert Alexander Urquhart (RCAF)(Navigator), PO Michael John David Fuller (Bomb Aimer), Sgt John Marriott (Flight Engineer), WO Allen Preston Cottam (Wireless Operator), FO William John Tytherleigh (Front Gunner), Sgt Norman Rupert Burrows (Rear Gunner).
ED912/G AJ-N Plt.Off. Leslie Gordon Knight (Direct hit and breached the Eder dam) – scrapped September 1946
Crew: - FO Harold Sidney Hobday (Navigator), FO Edward Cuthbert Johnson (Bomb Aimer), Sgt Raymond Ernest Grayston (Flight Engineer), Flt Sgt Robert George Thomas Kellow (RAAF)(Wireless Operator), Sgt Frederick E Sutherland (RCAF)(Front Gunner),
ED929/G AJ-L Flt.Lt. David John Shannon (Direct hit Eder dam, did not breach) – Broken up October 1946
Crew: - FO Daniel Revie Walker (RCAF)(Navigator), Flt Sgt Leonard Joseph Sumpter (Bomb Aimer), Sgt Robert Jack Henderson (Flight Engineer), FO Brian Goodale (Wireless Operator), Sgt Brian Jagger (Front Gunner), FO Jack Buckley (Rear Gunner).
Second wave of five as follows: -
ED923/G AJ-T Flt.Lt. Joseph Charles McCarthy (Attacked Sorpe dam hitting parapet) – missing 8th/9th July 1943
Crew: - FO Donald Arthur MacClean (RCAF)(Navigator), Sgt George Leonard Johnston (Bomb Aimer), Sgt William Radcliffe (Flight Engineer), Flt Sgt Leonard Eaton (Wireless Operator), Sgt Ronald Batson (Front Gunner), FO David Rodger (RCAF)(Rear Gunner).
ED934/G AJ-K Sgt. Vernon William Byers (Aircraft hit by flak over Texel and crashed in the Waddensea)
Crew: - FO James Herbert Warner (Navigator), PO Arthur Neville Whittaker (Bomb Aimer), Sgt Alistair James Taylor (Flight Engineer), Sgt John Wilkinson (Wireless Operator), Sgt Charles McAllister Jarvie (Front Gunner), Flt Sgt James McDowell (RCAF)(Rear Gunner).
ED927/G AJ-E Flt.Lt. Robert Norman George.Barlow (Aircraft came down in Germany close to the Dutch border)
Crew: - FO Phillip Sidney Burgess (Navigator), PO Alan Gillespie (Bomb Aimer), PO Samuel Leslie Whillis (Flight Engineer), FO Charles Rowland Williams (RCAF)(Wireless Operator), FO Harvey Stirling Glintz (RCAF)(Front Gunner), Sgt Jack Robert George Liddell (Rear Gunner).
ED936/G AJ-H Plt.Off. Geoffrey Rice (Aircraft hit water in Zuyder Zee dislodging the bomb and putting out two engines aircraft returned home) – crashed 21st July 1944
Crew: - FO Richard MacFarlane (Navigator), WO John William Thrasher (RCAF)(Bomb Aimer), Sgt Edward Clarence Smith (Flight Engineer), WO Chester Bruce Gowrie (RCAF)(Wireless Operator), Sgt Thomas W Maynard (Front Gunner), Sgt Stephen Burns (Rear Gunner).
ED921/G AJ-W Flt.Lt. John Leslie Munro (Hit by light flak over Vlieland putting his comms out of action aircraft forced to return) – damaged 17th August 1943, 46MU January 1946
Crew: - FO Grant Rumbles (Navigator), Sgt James Henry Clay (Bomb Aimer), Sgt Frank Ernest Appleby (Flight Engineer), FO Percy Edgar Pigeon (RCAF)(Wireless Operator), Sgt William Howarth (Front Gunner), Flt Sgt Harvey Alexander Weeks (RCAF)(Rear Gunner)
Third wave of five as follows: -
ED886/G AJ-O Flt.Sgt. William Clifford Townsend (Attacked the Ennepe dam dropping his bomb on third run but with no effect) – missing 10th December 1943
Crew: - PO Cecil Lancelot Howard (RAAF)(Navigator),Sgt Charles Ernest Franklin (Bomb Aimer), Sgt Dennis John Dean Powell (Flight Engineer), Flt Sgt George Alexander Chambers (Wireless Operator), Sgt Douglas Edward Webb (Front Gunner), Sgt Raymond Wilkinson (Rear Gunner).
ED918/G AJ-F Flt.Sgt. Kenneth William Brown (En route fired at a train, dropped incendiaries on wooded bank of Sorpe dam and bombed accurately) – burnt 21st January 1944
Crew: - Sgt Dudley Percy Neal (Navigator), Sgt Stefan Oancia (RCAF)(Bomb Aimer), Sgt Harry Basil Feneron (Flight Engineer), Sgt Harry J Hewstone (Wireless Operator), Sgt Daniel Allatson (Front Gunner), Flt Sgt Grant S MacDonald (RCAF)(Rear Gunner).
ED924/G AJ-Y Flt.Sgt. Cyril Thorpe Anderson (Could not locate dam due to mist returned home) – damaged 2nd July 1944, scrapped September 1946
Crew: - Sgt John Percival Nugent (Navigator), Sgt John Gilbert Green (Bomb Aimer), Sgt Robert Campbell Patterson (Flight Engineer), Sgt William Douglas Bickle (Wireless Operator), Sgt Eric Ewan (Front Gunner), Sgt Arther William Buck (Rear Gunner).
ED910/G AJ-C Plt.Off. Warner H.T.Ottley (Directed to Lister dam but shot down wreckage discovered at Hamm, Germany the following morning)
Crew: - FO Jack Kenneth Barrett (Navigator), Flt Sgt Thomas Barr Johnston (Bomb Aimer), Sgt Ronald Marsden (Flight Engineer), Sgt Jack Guterman (Wireless Operator), Sgt Harry John Strange (Front Gunner), Sgt Frank Tees (Rear Gunner).
ED865/G AJ-S Plt.Off. Lewis Johnstone Burpee (Shot down on outward journey at Gilze-Rijen)
Crew: - Sgt Thomas Jaye (Navigator), Flt Sgt James Lamb Arthur (RCAF)(Bomb Aimer), Sgt Guy Peglar (Flight Engineer), PO Leonard George Weller (Wireless Operator), Sgt William Charles Arthur Long (Front Gunner), WO Joseph Gordon Brady (RCAF)(Rear Gunner).
Max speed, 270 mph (434 km/h) at 19,000ft (5,791 m). Cruising speed, 210 mph (338 km/h). Initial rate of climb, about 600 ft/min (3.05 ml sec). Time to 20,000 ft (6,100 m), 43.5 min. Service ceiling, 21,500ft (6,553 m). Range, 2,230 miles (3,588 km) with 7,000-lb (3,178 km) bomb load. Empty weight, 41,000 Ib (18,614km). Normal loaded weight, 53,000 Ib (24,062 kg). Maximum take-off weight, 65,000 Ib (29,510 kg). Span, 102 ft 0 in (31.09 m). Length, 68 ft 11 in (21.02 m). Height, 19ft 6 in (5.95 m) . Wing area, 1,297 sqft (120.5m2).
Avro Lancaster B Mk VII: Similar to B Mk III, with Packard Merlin engines but with Martin 250 CE 23A dorsal turret mounting two 0.50-in (12.7-mm) machine guns. 180 built by Austin, deliveries starting April 1945; some equipped for Tiger Force in Far East and designated Avro Lancaster B Mk VII (FE).
Avro Lancaster B Mk X: Similar to B Mk III, built in Canada by Victory Aircraft with Merlin 38 or 224, deepened bomb-bay and (later aircraft) Martin dorsal turret. First flown on August 6, 1943; 430 built.
Avro Lancaster XPP: Two Avro Lancaster Xs converted by Victory Aircraft as passenger and mail carriers (CF-CMT, CF-CMU), for TCA, with fairings over nose and tail turret positions, no dorsal turret, extra fuel in bomb bay and ten seats, following similar initial conversion of one Mk I (CF-CMS).
This aircraft was one of 250 Lancaster Mk.1s ordered from Metropolitan-Vickers, Trafford Park, Manchester, England in May 1942 and delivered from November 1943 to June 1944 with Merlin 22 engines initially installed up to ME639 and Merlin 24 engines from ME640 except for ME668-9 with Merlin 22 engines. ME666 was delivered to No.207 Sqdn on 28th February 1944. When lost, this aircraft had a total of 26 hours. Wg Cdr V J Wheeler DFC* MC* Order of St Stanislaus (Russia), Pilot & CO 2/44-3/44: a WW1 veteran operational in WW2, he flew for Junkers before WW2: the BBMF Hurricane LF363 which crash landed at Wittering at one time carried the codes VY-X of 85 Squadron, his aircraft in 1940. He took over the Sqn on 26.2.44 and was killed in action the night of 22-23/3/44 in ME666 EM-A on Frankfurt aged 46. Crew composition W/C V.J.Wheeler DFC & Bar MC & Bar Order of St.Stanislaus (Russia) KIA Sgt G.H.Witney KIA F/L G.G.Edwards PoW F/O D.R.Barham KIA F/O R.A.Milne KIA F/S J.Dunseath DFM PoW Sgt T.J.McCarthy PoW F/S J.Dunseath was interned in Camps L6/357, PoW No.3486 with Sgt T.J.McCarthy, PoW No.3404. F/L G.G.Edwards in Camp L1, no PoW No. Top
"Serial Range PP663 - PP918 this aircraft was one of 200 Lancaster Mk.1s ordered from Vickers- Armstrong (Castle Bromwich) of which 100 were delivered from February 21st 1945 to August 22nd 1945, with Merlin 24 engines. Delivered to No115 squadron (KO-W) in February 1945, to 25MU in April 1945 and on to 20MU in September 1945. The aircraft was sold as scrap to Coley and Co. Top
This aircraft was built by Metropolitan-Vickers, Trafford Park, Manchester, England. The aircraft was serving with No44 squadron at RAF Waddington and carried the code ‘KM-F’ when it met its final fate. During the night of 17th/18th of December 1942 the aircraft was on operations to bomb a target at Nuremburg when it was shot down and crashed at Bramsche. The aircraft had completed 289 hours when lost. The pilot, Sgt H Brown survived and became a POW, the fate of the remainder of the crew is not known. Top
This aircraft was part of an order for 75 Lancaster BI ordered from Armstrong Whitworth and delivered from Baginton, Bitteswell and South Marston with Merlin 24 engines. Delivery was between June 21st 1945 to March 24th 1946 to 20MU it was transferred to Short and Harland for conversion to FE standard. It was transferred back to 20 MU and finally sold as scrap to International Alloys in April 1951. Top
"Serial Range DS601 - DS852 This aircraft was one of 200 Lancaster’s ordered from Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft in 1941 and built as Mk.11s from September 1942 to December 1943 with, up to DS627, Hercules V1 engines and the remainder having Hercules XVI engines. DS666 was delivered to 115 Sqdn on 15th June 1943 and carried the squadron codes ‘KO-J’. DS666 was lost on its first operation to Gelsenkirchen with a total of 17 hours. DS666 was one of two 115 Sqdn Lancasters lost on this night on separate operations. The aircraft was lost without trace. All the crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial. Sgt R.F.Rashley KIA Sgt F.L.Beeston KIA Sgt C.M.Sibbald KIA F/O G.Davidson RCAF KIA Sgt A.Corns KIA Sgt E.Green KIA Sgt A.Worsdale KIA " Top
This aircraft was part of a batch of 450 BI/BII’s ordered from Armstrong Whitworth and delivered with Bristol Hercules XVI engines. The aircraft was initially delivered to No514 squadron. No.514 Squadron’s last Mk.II operation was I believe flown on Saturday 23rd / Sunday 24th September 1944 against Neuss. Avro Lancaster LL666 JI-K2 flown by F/O Coyle RAAF took off from RAF Waterbeach at 19.32hrs and returned at 23.41hrs. The aircraft carried 8 x 1000lb M + 3 x 500lb MC. The aircraft was sent to No1668 Conversion Unit and subsequently on the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE). It was reduced to a maintenance airframe becoming 5423M. It’s final fate is not known. Top
"Serial Range ED303 – ED999 This aircraft was one of a batch of 620 Lancasters ordered from A.V.Roe (Chadderton) and built from November 1942 to June 1943 as 129 Mk.I and 491 Mk.III mixed up to ED782 and all Mk.III from ED783 onwards. The Mk.Is were initially fitted merlin 20 and the Mk.IIIs with Merlin 28 engines. This aircraft was a Mk.III and was delivered to 9 Sqdn ex-20MU on 20th April 1943 ED666 where it wore the ID's WS-S/G. ED666 took part in the following Key Operations: As WS-S, Düsseldorf 11th/12th June 1943; Bochum 12th/13th June 1943; Cologne 3rd/4th July 1943; Hamburg 24th/25th July 1943; Hamburg 27th/28th July 1943; Hamburg 2nd/3rd August 1943-aborted; Peenemunde 17th/18th August 1943; Berlin 3rd/4th September 1943; As WS-G Mannheim 5th/6th September 1943. When lost, ED666 had a total of 236 hours. Airborne at 20:26hrs on 5th September 1943 from Bardney. Crashed at Ludwigshafen, where all were laid to rest. There graves are now in Durnbach War Cemetery. P/O T.H.Gill KIA Sgt M.McPherson KIA Sgt R.V.Gough KIA F/S B.P.Devine KIA Sgt W.A.Morton KIA Sgt K.McDonagh KIA Sgt R.McKee KIA” Top
This aircraft served with No630 squadron as ‘LE-O’ and was lost on operations. "Serial range JA672 - JB748 this aircraft was one of 550 Lancasters ordered from A.V.Roe (Chadderton) late in 1941 and delivered as Mk.IIIs from June 1943 to December 1943 with Merlin 28 engines initially installed in early production, Merlin 28 or 38 engines at Mid-production and merlin 38 engines only on late production. JB666 was delivered to 630 Sqdn on 17th November 1943. No operational history. No record of total hours JB666 was one of two 630 Sqdn Lancasters lost on this operation. The aircraft was airborne at 00:23 on 29th January 1944 from East Kirkby. All are buried in the Berlin 1939-45 War Cemetery. W/C Rollinson, a pre-war Auxiliary Air Force pilot, had taken over command of 630 Squadron 12dec43 prior to which he had amasses 52 operational sorties. He was killed on his third operation since arriving at East Kirkby. W/C J.D.Rollinson DFC KIA Sgt P.G.Kempen KIA F/L L.Ehrman DFC KIA Sgt W.J.Rosser KIA F/S A.E.Broomfield KIA Sgt S.R.Loades KIA W/O L.Christie KIA " Top
"Serial Range PA964 - PD196 This aircraft was one of 800 Lancasters ordered from A.V.Roe (Chadderton) Apr43 of which 756 were delivered as 255 Mk.Is, 500 Mk.IIIs and one Lancastrian between May 1944 and Mar 1945, mainly from Chadderton with 87 from Yeadon. All the Mk.IIIs had Merlin 38 engines initially installed except for the late production models with Merlin 224 engines. PB666 was a Mk.III and was delivered to No.227 Sqdn ex-61 Sqdn on 29th October 1944. PB666 took part in the Key Raid against Duren on 16th November 1944-daylight. No record of total hours. PB666 was one of two No.227 Sqdn Lancasters lost on this operation. The aircraft was airborne on 17:21 21st February 1945 to attack the Mittelland Kanal near Gravenhorst. It crashed at approximately 2200 on land owned by Mr Damkot of Het Woold (Gelderland), Wintersijk. Those killed are buried in the local general cemetery where 38 of the fifty Allied graves are occupied by Bomber Command personnel. F/O P.I.Green KIA Sgt H.R.Piper KIA WO1 A.F.Dales RCAF Inj WO1 D.E.Cassidy RCAF Inj Sgt H.Roberts PoW Sgt F.G.Edwards KIA Sgt W.Lancaster Inj WO1 D.E.Cassidy, WO1 A.F.Dales and Sgt W.Lancaster were confined to Hospital with injuries until Liberation. No PoW Nos. Sgt H.Roberts in Camp L1. No PoW No. " Top
Part of the third production batch of 150
aircraft built by Austin Motors Limited, Longbridge, Birmingham, England, as
part of Contract No. 2827. Serial numbers in this batch included NX611-NX648,
NX661-NX703, NX715-NX758 and NX770-NX794. Deliveries commenced in April 1945 and
were completed in September 1945. The average rate of production was
approximately 6 aircraft per week. Not assigned to Squadron strength during
Flottile: 10F, 25F
Escardille: 9S, 62S, 55S, 58S Top
AVRO 694 LINCOLN - Designed by Roy Chadwick to Specification B.I4/43 as a AVRO Lancaster variant (originally Lancaster IV and Lancaster V with Merlin 85 and Merlin 68A respectively) with greater wing span, enlarged fuselage and increased performance. Prototype first flown June 9, 1944, with Merlin 85s; armament of paired 0.50-in (12.7-mm) machine guns in nose, dorsal and tail turrets, and bomb-load up to 14,000 Ib (6,356 kg). Production AVRO Lincoln B Mk Is entered service with No 57 Sqn at East Kirkby in August 1945 in preparation for joining Tiger Force in the Far East.
Max speed, 295 mph (475 km/h) at 15,000ft (4 572 m). Cruising speed, 215 mph (346 km/h) at 20,000 ft (6,100 m). Initial climb, 800 ft/min (4.06 m/sec). Service ceiling, 30,500ft (9,296 m). Time to 20,000ft (6,100 m), 2672 min. Range, 1,470 miles (2,365 km) with max bomb load. Empty weight, 43,778 Ib (19,875 kg). Gross weight, 82,000 Ib (37,228' Span, 120ft 0 in (36.58 m). Length, 78ft 3'/2 in (23.85 m). Wing area, 1,421 sq ft (132.0m2).
This aircraft was part of a batch of 250 Lancasters ordered from Metropolitan Vickers in August 1943 of which 201 aircraft were built and delivered from December 1944 to April 1945 as 121 Lancaster B.I with Merlin 24 engines, 28 Lincoln B.I and 52 Lincoln B.II. The final fate of this aircraft is not known.
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