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W5666

X9666

DV666

X3666

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HE666

LN666

LP666

NB666

NC666


Vickers Wellington

Vickers Wellington

Vickers Wellington Twin-engined day bomber to meet Operational Requirement OR.5 and conforming to Specification B.9/32, designed under Rex Pierson and Barnes Wallis. Initial studies (as Vickers Type 249) with R-R Goshawk or Bristol Perseus engines, but definitive prototype (Type 271) as ordered in September 1933 powered by 980 hp Bristol Pegasus X engines. Geodetic construction, gross weight of 21,000 Ib (9,526 kg) and defensive armament of single 0.303-in (7.7-mm) guns in nose, tail and dorsal positions. Unarmed, prototype K4049 first flown at Weybridge on June 15, 1936; provisionally known as Crecy until name Vickers Wellington confirmed in September. Lost on April 19, 1937, during A&AEE trials at Martlesham Heath, by which time first production contract placed.

Vickers Wellington Prototype K4049

Vickers Wellington I: Initial production version, as defined by Specification 29/36, to be armed with pairs of Browning 0.303-in (7.7-mm) guns in Vickers nose and tail, and Frazer-Nash ventral (in place of dorsal) gun positions. Gross weight, 21,000 Ib (9,527 kg) with up to nine 500-lb (227-kg) or two 2,000-lb (907-kg) bombs. First production aircraft flown with Pegasus X engines (as Vickers Type 285) on December 23, 1937, and with definitive 815 hp Pegasus XVIIIs (Type 290) on April 12, 1938. Total of 175 built at Weybridge (of which 61 with dual controls and two completed as Mks II and III prototypes) and three at Vickers-operated shadow factory at Broughton, Chester. RNZAF order for 30 Vickers Wellingtons (Type 403) placed in 1937 to be met by diversions from RAF contracts. First six (NZ300-NZ305) at RAF Marham for conversion training of New' Zealand Flight handed back to RAF in September 1939 and re-acquired original RAF serials. Most or all Mk Is flown without planned FN9 ventral turret because of CG difficulties. Initial deliveries October 1938, to No 99 Sqn at
Mildenhall; eight more squadrons equipped by September 1939. First operations
September 4, 1939, by Nos 9 and 149 Sqdns.

Vickers Wellington IA: Similar to Mk I, but with Frazer-Nash two-gun turrets - FN5 nose, FN10 tail and FN9 ventral - plus general airframe improvements designed for Mks II and III. Gross weight 28,000 Ib (12,700 kg) and strengthened u/c. Deliveries began August 1939, and production (Vickers Type 408) totalled 170 from Weybridge and 17 from Chester. Replaced Vickers Wellington Is in initial squadrons and in service by December 1939. Balance of RNZAF order (see Vickers Wellington I) for 24 Mk lAs (Type 412) absorbed into RAF production, and No 75 (NZ) Sqn, with No 3 Group of Bomber Command, issued with Vickers Wellington lAs and ICs from RAF stocks. Designation Vickers Wellington IB reserved for Mk I with armament improvements; not built.

Vickers Wellington 1C: Similar to Mk IA, but FN9 ventral turret deleted. Two belt-fed 0.303-in (7.7-mm) Browning’s in beam mountings, one each side. Electrical system changed from 12 to 24-volt, and hydraulic system revised. Production (Vickers Type 405) totalled 1,056 at Weybridge (of which four completed as later marks), 1,583 at Chester and 50 at Vickers-operated shadow factory at Squires Gate, Blackpool. Bomb-load could include one 4,000-lb (1,814-kg) bomb on 33 Mk ICs with Vickers Type 453 modification. Deliveries from April 1940, and formed backbone of Bomber Command through 1941, primarily in squadrons of 3 Group. Operational in Middle East from September 1940, initially with No 70 Sqn, RAF, and in the Far East (India) from April 1942, initially with No 214 Sqn. One to CLE in March 1942, with parachute exit in place of ventral turret.

Max speed, 234 mph (377 km/h) at 15,200ft (4,633 m). Economical cruising speed, 165 mph (266 km/h) at 10,000ft (3,050 m). Time to 10,000ft (3,050 m), 25 min. Service ceiling, 16,000 ft (4,877 m). Range with max bombs, 1,0-55 mis (1,698 km). Empty weight, 18,800 Ib (8,528 kg). Gross weight, 30,000 Ib (13,608 kg). Span, 86ft 2 in (26.26 m). Length, 64 ft 7 in (19.69 m). Wing area, 830 sq ft (77. Urn2).

Vickers Wellington II: Developed during 1938 as first major Vickers Wellington upgrade, in parallel with Mk III, to take advantage of uprated engines. Based on Mk I airframe with 1,145 hp R-R Merlin X engines; Frazer-Nash FN5 (nose) and FN10 (tail) turrets plus beam guns; 28,000 Ib (12,700 kg) gross weight with strengthened u/c and -after early testing - wider-chord tailplane. One Mk I completed as Mk II prototype (Vickers Type 298), flown on March 3, 1939. Deliveries began October 1940 and 400 built (Type 406) at Weybridge. Gross weight increased to 33,000 Ib (14,990 kg) and 22 with the Type 423 mod for 4,000-lb (1,814-kg) bomb, first used by Nos 9 and 149 Sqdns on night of March 31/April 1, 1941. Also served in Middle East, with earlier marks.

Vickers Wellington III: Developed in parallel with Vickers Wellington II, with same new features but powered by Bristol Hercules engines. One Mk I completed as Mk III prototype (Vickers Type 299), flown on March 19, 1939, with two-stage supercharged Hercules HE-ISM engines. Production Mk III (Type 417) powered by 1,400 hp Hercules II engines, as tested on second prototype (Mk 1C conversion) early 1941, or 1,590 hp Hercules XIs. Four-gun FN20A tail turret in place of two-gun FN10, and gross weight increased to 34,500 Ib (15,650 kg).
Production total 780 at Chester and 737 at Blackpool, delivered 1942-43. Succeeded or supplemented Mk ICs in 3 Group in the UK, 205 Group in the Middle East and 221 Group in Far East. Also used by six Canadian-manned squadrons of 6 Group in UK during 1943, and for Special Duties units of 100 Group in 1943/44.

Max speed, 261 mph (420 km/h) at 12,500ft (3,810 m). Economical cruising speed, 211 mph (340 km/h). Time to 15,000 ft (4,572 m), 25 min. Service ceiling, 22,750 ft (6,934 m). Range with max bombs, 1,200 mis (1,931 km). Empty weight, 25,100 Ib (11,385 kg). Gross weight, 34,500 Ib (15,650 kg). Dimensions as Mk 1C.

Vickers Wellington IV: Similar to Mk III with 1,050 hp Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S3C4-G Twin Wasp engines. Prototype (Mk 1C conversion) completed at Chester, December 1940, followed by 219 production examples (Vickers Type 410) delivered from June 1941, First operational use October 16, 1941.

Vickers Wellington B Mk X: Final variant for Bomber Command, based on definitive Mk III but powered by 1,615 hp Bristol Hercules VI or XVI engines. Improved DTD646 aluminium alloy used throughout, with better strength-weight ratio, allowing gross weight to increase to 36,500 Ib (16,556 kg). Two Mk Ills with Hercules VI engines flown as prototypes (Type 440) at Blackpool. Production (Type 448) totalled 1,369 at Blackpool and 2,434 at Chester. Served in the Bomber Command Vickers Wellington squadrons that remained operational until October 1943; and in others on special duties and in Middle and Far East through 1944. Vickers Wellington production ended with delivery of a B Mk X at Blackpool on October 25, 1945, bringing overall total built to 11,461 - the most multi-engine aircraft of any single type ever built in Britain.

Vickers Wellington IC R1666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

Vickers Wellington IC W5666

Built by Vickers at either Weybridge, Chester or Blackpool as part of the serial Range W5644 - W5690. 47 Wellington 1C. Part of a batch of 300 Wellington Mk.11/1C. W5352-W5401; W5414-W5463; W5476-W5500; W5513-W5537; W5550-W5598; W5611 (200) Mk.11 delivered by Vickers (Weybridge) between Oct40 and Jul41. W5612-W5631; W5644-W5690; W5703-W5735 (100) Mk.1C delivered by Vickers (Weybridge) between Feb41 and May41. W5686 and W5709 converted to Mk.XV1. W5615; W5619; W5623; W5631; W5645; W5647; W5649; W5653; W5655; W5657; W5659; W5661; W5662; W5671; W5672; W5674; W5676; W5678; W5725; W5728; W5730; W5735 were converted to Mk.V111. W5389/G Special Mods including W2B Jet in the tail. W5518/G Special Mods including W2/700 Jet in the tail.

Whilst this aircraft was serving with No300 (BH-H) squadron on 2 June 1941.The aircraft was airborne at 23:06 on 11th June 1941 from Swinderby. Ditched, sometime after being fixed in position 5230N 0300E (approx 20 miles NE Rotterdam). Sgt Kruk- Schuster was repatriated to the UK 5th February 1945. F/O S.T.Sedzik PAF PoW Sgt L.Maciej PAF PoW P/O W.A.Sojka PAF PoW Sgt Z.Chowanski PAF Inj Sgt W.Weinberg PAF PoW Sgt Kruk-Schuster PAF Inj Sgt Z.Chowanski and Sgt Kruk-Schuster were confined in Hospital due to injuries. No PoW Nos. Sgt L.Maciej was interned in Camps 9C/L3/L6/L4, PoW No.39140. F/O S.T.Sedzik in Camps 9AH/L3, PoW No.1368 with P/O W.A.Sojka, PoW No.1369. Sgt W.Weinberg in Camps 8B/4B/L6/L4, PoW No.18275. " Top

Vickers Wellington IC X9666

On the 31st December 1943, the last day of the year and a sad one, Wellington Mk Ic X9666 crashed on the slopes of a hill near Aberdovey, North Wales after completing a bombing exercise, 2 were badly injured and 3 killed. Top

Vickers Wellington IC DV666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

Vickers Wellington III X3666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

Vickers Wellington III Z1666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

Vickers Wellington III BJ666

 

This aircraft was built within the Serial Range BJ642 - BK675. 34 Wellington Mk.111. Part of a batch of 600 Wellington Mk.111. BJ581-BJ625; BJ642-BJ675; BJ688-BJ730; BJ753-BJ801; BJ818-BJ847; BJ876-BJ922; BJ958-BJ991; BK123-BK166; BK179-BK214; BK234-BK281; BK295-BK315; BK330-BK368; BK385-BK408; BK426-BK471; BK489-BK517; BK534-BK564 series continued with BJ582-BJ991 delivered by Vickers (Chester) between May42 and Dec42.

BJ666 (JN-S) was one of three No.150 Sqdn Wellingtons lost on an operation to Bremen. The aircraft was airborne at 23:10 on 27th June 1942 from Snaith. Crashed at Surhuisterveen (Friesland) 9km NNE of Drachen. S/L B.J.Hooper DFC PoW Sgt T.T.S.Larson RNZAF PoW Sgt J.A.Griffiths PoW Sgt L.M.West PoW Sgt E.Tilley PoW Sgt J.A.Griffiths was interned in Camps L1/L6/357, PoW No.928. S/L B.J.Hooper in Camp L3, PoW No.471. His DFC was awarded for the 63 operations he completed. Sgt T.T.S.Larson in Camps 8B/344, PoW No.24978. (Awarded MBE 28Jun46 'for sabotage activities') with Sgt E.Tilley, PoW No.24991. Sgt L.M.West in Camps 9C/L6/357, PoW No.39733. "

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Vickers Wellington III DF666

This aircraft was built within the Serial Range DF664 - DF709. 45 Wellington Mk.111. Part of a batch of 400 Wellington Mk.111. DF542-DF579; DF594-DF642; DF664-DF709; DF727-DF743 150 Mk.111 delivered by Vickers (Squires Gate) between August 1942 and September 1942 150 only completed; of which: DF609; DF686; DF701; DF730; DF740 were built as Mk.X. DF614 was converted to Mk.X. DF744-DF776; DF794-DF832; DF857-DF900; DF921-DF956; DF857-DF999; DG112-DG134; DG148-DG197 cancelled.

The aircraft (oded GT- ) was airborne at 00:45 on16th August 1942 from Warboys. It was shot down by a night-fighter (Oblt Manfred Meurer, 111./NJG1) and crashed at Rozendaal (Gelderland), 6 km NE of Arnhem. All are buried in the private burial ground of Baron von Pallandt at Rozendaal. F/S C.C.Newlove RNZAF KIA Sgt W.G.Bate KIA Sgt F.C.G.Tate KIA Sgt T.Barker KIA Sgt J.H.Westgate BEM KIA "

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Vickers Wellington III HF666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

Vickers Wellington X HE666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

Vickers Wellington X LN666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

Vickers Wellington X LP666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

Vickers Wellington X NB666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

Vickers Wellington X NC666

From various records and references I believe this aircraft was not lost on operations so the premise is that it was scrapped late in the war or post war. Information on this aircraft will appear here when researched and available. Top

 

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